Food of the Future
Food it’s one of the essential ingredients every living organism needs in order to survive, and with the world’s rapidly increasing population scientists are trying to determine when this population will eventually reach its carrying capacity. (Wilson, 2012)
A feasible proposal that most meats eaters wouldn’t be happy hearing would be the possibility of becoming permanent vegetarians. Relying on fruit and vegetables instead of meat is more energy efficient in relation to environmental processes and more energy is consumed from the sources lower on the energy food chain according to the energetic hypothesis. (Wilson, 2012)
Scientists from the Food and Drug Administration however have devised a way to keep the meat eaters happy and may be even solve the world’s future food shortage problem. Their answer is through meat cloning, and it was the successful cloning of a sheep called Dolly in 1997 that triggered meat cloning to be possible. (Rudenko, Matherson 2007)Dolly the sheep was genetically cloned by the nuclear transfer of cells. In other words the cell nucleus from an adult sheep was enucleated from the mammary gland into an unfertilised egg that has its nucleus removed, under controlled lab conditions. In order for the cell to divide the new cell is stimulated with an electric shock, and when it reaches the blastocyst (early process of embryotic development) stage the hybrid cell was injected into a different sheep. (McWhir, JRitchie, W AWilmut, I
(Rudenko, Matherson 2007)
(Rudenko, Matherson 2007) Thus
Furthermore through extensive research and testing it can be concluded that at point in time meat cloning poses no threats to (Rudenko, Matherson 2007)
Bren, L 2007 ‘Animal Cloning and Food Safety’, ProQuest Research Library, Vol. 41, no. 2, pp. 32.
Caroline, D 1998, ‘Not Many Happy Returns, Dolly’, New Stateman, Vol.11, no. 491, pp.28-30.
McWhir, JRitchie, W AWilmut, ISheep Cloned by Nuclear Transfer From a Cultured Cell Line, Nature, Vol. 380, no. 6569, pp. 64-66.
Rudenko L, Matherson J 2007, ‘The US FDA and Animal Cloning: Risk and Regulatory Approach’, Theriogenology, Vol. 67, no.1, pp. 198-206.
Wilson, R 2012, Ecology Module Food Chain Theories, Power Point slides, The University of Queensland, Brisbane.
Wilson, R 2012, Ecology Module Human Population Growth, Power Point slides, The University of Queensland, Brisbane.U. S. Food and Drug Administration Department of Health and Human Services 2008, ‘Animal Cloning: a Risk Assessment’, US Department of Health and Human